More than 300 different species of plants can be found in the Famara Massif. Not only is it home to 14 species which are endemic to the region but it is also provides the perfect habitat for the island’s other endemic plants to thrive. This means Famara boasts the highest number of endemic flora per square kilometre in Europe.
So how is it that all these unique species can be found here? Well, the main reason is due to isolation. By the time they’ve reached this part of the island many plants have long since lost contact with others of the same species and therefore have been forced to adapt to their new environment by evolving in different ways.
The Famara Massif is, in fact, the oldest area of the island, having emerged from the sea about 11 million years ago, much earlier than other parts. If we bear in mind that one plant type needs approximately 3 million years to evolve into another species, it is more than likely that those grasses or weeds that hailed from ancient Africa, perhaps attached to a floating branch, were enough to take root and transform themselves into the unique varieties of plant life found today.